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From bacteria to Bach and back : the evolution of minds
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Éditeur W.W. Norton & Company, independent publishers since 1923
Année copyright 2017
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Titre
From bacteria to Bach and back : the evolution of minds
Éditeur
Description
1 vol. (XVIIIi-476 p.+2 p. de pl. hors texte) : ill. en noir et en coul., schémas, jaquette ill. en coul. ; 25 cm
Notes
Bibliogr. p. 425-445. Notes bibliogr. Index
Note édition
autre tirage : 2018
Sujets
Classification Dewey
128.2
Contenu
Part I. Turning our world upside down ; 1. Introduction ; Welcome to the jungle ; A bird's-eye view of the journey ; The Cartesian wound ; Cartesian gravity ; 2. Before bacteria and Bach ; Why Bach? ; How investigating the prebiotic world is like playing chess ; 3. On the origin of reasons ; The death or rebirth of teleology? ; Different senses of "why" ; The evolution of "why" : from how come to what for ; Go forth and multiply ; 4. Two strange inversions of reasoning ; How Darwin and Turing broke a spell ; Ontology and the manifest image ; Automating the elevator ; The intelligent designers of Oak Ridge and GOFAI ; 5. The evolution of understanding ; Animals designed to deal with affordances ; Higher animals as intentional systems : the emergence of comprehension ; Comprehension comes in degrees ; Part II. From evolution to intelligent design ; 6. What is information? ; Welcome to the Information Age ; How can we characterize semantic information? ; Trade secrets, patents, copyright, and Bird's influence on bebop ; 7. Darwinian spaces : an interlude ; A new tool for thinking about evolution ; Cultural evolution : inverting a Darwinian space ; 8. Brains made of brains ; Top-down computers and bottom-up brains ; Competition and coalition in the brain ; Neurons, mules, and termites ; How do brains pick up affordances? ; Feral neurons? ; 9. The role of words in cultural evolution ; The evolution of words ; Looking more closely at words ; How do words reproduce? ; 10. The meme's-eye point of view ; Words and other memes ; What's good about memes? ; 11. What's wrong with memes? : objections and replies ; Memes don't exist! ; Memes are described as "discrete" and "faithfully transmitted," but much in cultural change is neither ; Memes, unlike genes, don't have competing alleles at a locus ; Memes add nothing to what we already know culture ; The would-be science of memetics in not predictive ; Memes can't explain cultural features, while traditional social sciences can ; Cultural evolution is Lamarckian ; 12. The origins of language ; The chicken-egg problem ; Winding paths to human language ; 13. The evolution of cultural evolution ; Darwinian beginnings ; The free-floating rationales of human communication ; Using our tools to think ; The age of intelligent design ; Pinker, Wilde, Edison, and Frankenstein ; Bach as a landmark of intelligent design ; The evolution of the selective environment for human culture ; Part III. Turning our minds inside out ; 14. Consciousness as an evolved user-illusion ; Keeping an open mind about minds ; How do human brains achieve "global" comprehension using "local" competences? ; How did our manifest image become manifest to us? ; Why do we experience things the way we do? ; Hume's strange inversion of reasoning ; A red stripe as an intentional object ; What is Cartesian gravity and why does it persist? ; 15. The age of post-intelligent design ; What are the limits of our comprehension? ; "Look Ma, no hands!" ; The structure of an intelligent agent ; What will happen to us? ; Home at last ; Appendix : the background
Résumé
La jaquette indique : "How did we come to have minds? For centuries, poets, philosophers, psychologists, and physicists have wondered how the human mind developed its unrivaled abilities. Disciples of Darwin have long aspire to articulate how consciousness, language, and culture could have appeared through natural selection, blazing promising trails that tend, however, to end in confusion and controversy. Even though our understanding of the inner workings of proteins, neurons, and DNA is deeper than ever before, that matter of how minds came to be has largely remained a mystery. This is now changing, says Daniel D. Dennett. In From bacteria to Bach and back, his most conprehensive exploration of evolutionary thinking yet, he builds on ideas from computer science and biology to show how a comprehending mind could in fact have risen from a mindless process of natural selection. Part philosophical whodunit, part bold scientific conjecture, this landmark work enlarges themes that have sustained Dennett's legendary career at the forefront of philosophical thought."
ISBN
978-0-393-24207-2
0-393-24207-2
978-0-393-35550-5
Origine de la notice
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